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What is Celiac Disease?

     Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease of digestive system which the body can not digest gluten, a protein found in food such as rye, wheat and barley. Gluten will trigger the immune response and causes damage to intestine then will develop malabsorption in small intestine. It can happen in any age. Mostly they will present with diarrhea, weight loss and flatulence. There are a certain risk factors associated with celiac disease the most commonly is first degree relatives with celiac disease then second degree relatives with celiac disease, down syndrome, autoimmune thyroid disease and type 1 diabetes mellitus. We can diagnose it by serologic test and confirmed by bowel biopsy. The management by follow the

gluten free diet for the rest of their life. Gluten free diet will enhance better outcome. 


Written by: Yara Alzamil

Source: https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0115/p99.html















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